The invention and widespread use of plastic was a major breakthrough for mankind. But what we failed to do was consider the potential downsides of excessive consumption and unnecessary application. Plastic pollution is a problem that requires the cooperation of individuals, groups, businesses and governments.
The effects of plastic pollution on the environment and human health are catastrophic, and immediate action is needed from individuals, businesses, governments and political leaders. A a single-use plastic bag used by an individual can lead to an increase of 1.58 kilograms of CO2 release of emissions into the environment, think of a billion bags used every day to create 1.58 billion kg carbon footprint.
When Leo Baekeland first developed and used plastic in 1907, no one could have predicted that in a century and an industrial revolution would lead to overconsumption of plastic in many sectors of our lives and the horrible plastic pollution that results. Plastics and microplastics are become a natural component of ecosystems, posing threats to genetic diversity.
Plastic pollution is a threat to marine, terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems. marine life is threatened by plastic waste that ends up in rivers and oceans. chemicals, including phthalates, bisphenol A (BPA) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are generated during decomposition of plastics and these plastics can leach into food and drink, endocrine disruption, developmental abnormalities, reproductive diseases and various cancers.