The Assembly votes the obligation to install solar panels in car parks – France


The Assembly on Friday adopted a series of provisions of the bill aimed at accelerating the production of renewable energy. In the evening, the deputies adopted with 42 votes against 6 a measure making it compulsory to install photovoltaic shade structures in outdoor car parks of more than 1,500 m2.

The government initially defended a threshold of 2,500 m2, while environmentalist and rebellious deputies asked to go down to 500 m2. After debates, the government did not object to a slider of 1,500 m2, which Macronist deputies also demanded.

m2 criterion reinstated

The Senate had substituted the logic of surface desired by the government by a logic of number of locations, retaining the threshold of 80 places. The Assembly therefore reinstated a criterion expressed in m2.

The Assembly also voted environmental amendments reducing the scope of the planned derogations, as well as identical amendments from the left and from majority MPs removing the initially optional nature of the sanctions and making them systematic in the event of non-compliance with the obligation. An LFI amendment doubling these penalties (to 20,000 euros and 40,000 euros, depending on the size of the car park) was also adopted with the support of the government.

Installation of renewable energy equipment

Against the advice of the government this time, the deputies adopted an environmental amendment conditioning any new construction of collective social housing by private housing organizations to the installation of renewable energy equipment (EnR).

The Minister for Energy Transition Agnès Pannier-Runacher then did not oppose the adoption of an amendment by Green MP Julien Bayou providing for the roofs of non-residential buildings to be covered with white paint to reduce the use of air conditioning. .

The left, on the other hand, failed to obtain the reinstatement of a measure to which it was very attached, introduced by the Senate and abolished in committee in the Assembly, which made it compulsory to install “EnR processes” on buildings not existing residential buildings of more than 250 m2.

Derogations from the coastal law

Faced with the lack of land which is an obstacle to the increase in photovoltaic capacities in France, the Assembly adopted new derogations from the “coastline” law to set up photovoltaic or hydrogen production facilities in coastal areas on wasteland.

On one of the subjects of tension in the text, the government has agreed to maintain the “assent” of the architects of the buildings of France to launch renewable energy projects in heritage areas. But by asking them for more flexibility in the matter.

Failure of the presidential camp

But the presidential camp suffered a failure with the removal of the possibility of a simple online public consultation for certain photovoltaic projects, rather than a “public inquiry”. This article, rejected by 37 votes to 33, was part of the simplification measures requested by the executive to accelerate the development of renewables, which is lagging behind in France. From RN to LFI, all opposition voted against.

After this setback, the government decided to postpone the examination of a key article, on the limitation of legal remedies against renewable energy projects, which it would like to reintroduce after its deletion in committee.


letelegramme Fr Trans

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