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Starting school later can improve teens’ academic performance, study finds


Getting up early for school must be the bane of every teenager’s life.

Now, a brand new study means that starting the school day later and letting them sleep can improve their temperament, which in turn could have an effect on academic efficiency.

Researchers pushed back the start time of a school in Brazil by an hour and monitored students’ sleep, drowsiness and emotional health.

Overall, teens reported feeling significantly less depressed, offended, tense and tired at school, teachers found.

The new findings involve a declaration to delay the start time of school across the UK – something the Department for Education refused to implement three years ago.

This is despite the fact that previous research has already proven a link between sleep deprivation and poor emotional health in adolescents.

Teenagers love to sleep in, and a new study reveals that a little more sleep can benefit their efficiency in school (file photo)

The new study was led by a team of Brazilian specialists, led by professors from the Federal University for Latin American Integration (UNILA) in Foz do Iguaçu and the Federal University of Fronteira Sul, Realeza.

“Later school start time is effective in prolonging sleep time, improving sleepiness and mood profile,” they say of their paper, published in the journal Sleep Health.

UK SCHOOL START TIMES

In the UK, a traditional school day starts between 8am and 9am and ends between 3pm and 4pm.

Class hours are decided by each school, but in common they are around 5-6 hours per day.

In 2019, the Ministry of Education said it had no intention of requiring secondary faculties to start later.

“The government has empowered all faculties to set their own class times so that all faculties have the autonomy to make selections,” he said.

Source: InterNations

“The findings presented in our study provide further support to the growing body of evidence on the positive outcomes of delaying school start time.”

Researchers say our circadian rhythm – the 24-hour cycle that’s part of the body’s internal clock – changes dramatically during adolescence and can make it difficult for teens to stay awake in the morning.

Before puberty, the body induces sleepiness around 8 or 9 p.m., but when puberty begins, this rhythm shifts a few hours later to around 10 or 11 p.m.

Since the circadian rhythm in many children naturally encourages the body to stay up later in the night, the change allows them to get up more sustainably.

Therefore, altering the start time of school may be the most effective technique for dealing with sleep deprivation in adolescents, they argue.

For the study, the team recruited 48 students at a graduate school in Palotina, Brazil, who had been required to put on actigraphs – wrist-worn gadgets that signal sleep and wake cycles – consistently for 3 weeks.

During ‘Week A’ and ‘Week C’ school started at the usual time – 7.30am – but throughout ‘Week B’ the start time of school was delayed d one hour at 8:30.

For this reason, teens had to get up later throughout week B (7:42 a.m.) compared to weeks A (6:54 a.m.) and C (6:46 a.m.).

In week B, the school board decided to shorten break times and lessons slightly, and extend the end of school time by 25 minutes, to account for the late start.

Starting school later can improve teens’ academic performance, study finds

During “Week A” and “Week C” school started at the usual time – 7:30 a.m., but throughout “Week B” the school start time was delayed d one hour at 8:30.

Over the three weeks, actigraphers measured how long and how long they slept, while contributors also completed surveys of their sleepiness, sleep quality, temperament, and levels of anxiety and depression.

The results confirmed that starting school later in the morning had a positive impact on sleep and mood.

In week B, scholars had lower levels of fatigue, pressure, confusion, anger, and depression, and better levels of vigor.

Interestingly, while they started school later, the contributors did not change their bedtime, so they benefited from waking up later, in addition to increasing their sleep period. general.

Additionally, as a result of longer sleep, teens reported feeling significantly less drowsiness (drowsiness or drowsiness) upon arrival and earlier than upon leaving school.

The researchers acknowledge that delaying the start time of school is “not a simple answer to implement”.

Starting school later can improve teens’ academic performance, study finds

Students had been made to put on ActTrust AT0503 actigraphs – wrist-worn gadgets that report sleep and wake cycles (file image)

Starting school later can improve teens’ academic performance, study finds

During week B, researchers had lower levels of fatigue, pressure, confusion, anger and depression, and better levels of vigor

“We recognize the logistical challenges of implementing a large delay in school start time, furthermore, efforts must be made to build a more inclusive education system,” they say. .

However, longer sleep may improve emotional regulation, the study finds, which could lead to improved school attendance and efficiency.

Academics in the United States have already proven that forcing young people to get up earlier than the biological clock tells them can stunt their academic growth.

A 2011 study of 19-year-olds in the United States Air Force found that those who started classes at 8:50 a.m. instead of 7 a.m. performed better on their exams.

In the UK, parliament was brought to debate the back-to-school issue in 2019, following an online petition signed by a further 179,000 people, titled ‘School should start at 10 a.m. the children are too exhausted”.

However, the Ministry of Education has said that it does not intend to require secondary faculties to start later.

“The government has empowered all faculties to set their own class times so that all faculties have the autonomy to make selections,” he said.

“The Department does not intend to require secondary faculties to start later. We believe that lecturers need to find the best way to structure their school day to help their students get educated.

In 2013, UCL Academy secondary school in London decided to push back its start time to 10 a.m., to allow students to “absolutely get up” before class.

However, the school now requires students to arrive by 8:25 a.m. Monday through Friday, its website reveals. MailOnline has contacted the school over the decision to restore its startup instances to normal.

BEING EDUCATED IN PRIVATE DOESN’T MAKE YOU HAPPIER, STUDY SAYS

Private education does not make people happier in life than going through the public system, suggests a 2022 analysis.

Scholars found no distinction in well-being between young adults who had attended fee-paying colleges and people who had completed full courses.

The results, from University College London (UCL), could disappoint parents who have spent huge sums at a private school.

The best public colleges typically cost upwards of £40,000 a year and devote significant resources to pastoral care.

Previous research has found that while private education leads to better academic results, it does not offer security in the face of psychological misery.

In a previous study of these people born in 1970, it was even found that mental health problems were increased in women with private education.

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