Saudi Arabia is imposing a collective double punishment on the Yemeni people by expelling them from their jobs in the kingdom while continuing to impose an oil and humanitarian blockade on Yemen, the UN Security Council was told.
Criticism of Riyadh came as evidence mounted that the Houthis were making progress in their months-long efforts to capture the strategic city of Marib, the last government stronghold in northern Yemen and a major source of energy for the region. The Yemeni government has warned of impending humanitarian catastrophe after rebels blockaded Al-Abdiyah district in Marib.
The allegations against the Saudis were made by a speaker from the Sana’a Center think tank selected by the UN to address the Security Council during its monthly update on Yemen’s six-year civil war. Maysaa Shuja Al-Deen said: “Yemen is not only the worst humanitarian crisis in the world, it is also the worst international response to any humanitarian crisis in the world.”
She clarified that “the Saudis had decided to fire the Yemini workers in the south of the kingdom without a clear or convincing explanation for this collective targeting”. It has been suggested that hundreds of thousands of people are threatened with deportation.
She pointed out that due to the war, expatriates had become almost the only source of hard currency due to the complete lack of oil exports.
She said that more than a million Yemenis were working in Saudi Arabia, but said that “the harassment of those who remained had a negative impact on millions of Yemenis at home and thus exacerbated the current humanitarian crisis in Yemen. All of them. the Gulf states were directly or indirectly involved in the war in Yemen and therefore have a dual moral and political responsibility to their neighbor.
She called on the Gulf states to keep their doors open in Yemen, adding that the security council should immediately pressure the Saudis to stop expanding and tightening the grip on Yemeni workers in the Chinese market. Saudi labor. She said they should be excluded from Saudiization policies and double residency fines, a sanction imposed on non-Saudis living in the kingdom. Saudi Arabia has tried to cope with a surplus of foreign workers made worse by the reduction in economic activity by Covid. The kingdom also wants to improve the employment prospects of young Saudis.
In June, Yemeni doctors working in Saudi Arabia said they had received letters saying their contracts were not being renewed. Regulations were introduced telling private sector employers in a group of southern provinces that only 25% of their workforce could come from Yemen.
The World Bank estimated in 2017 that remittances sent by Yemenis to Saudi Arabia amounted to $ 2.3 billion per year. Remittances sent from Saudi Arabia accounted for 61% of total remittances sent from abroad.
Calling on all parties, including the Houthis, to remove obstacles to aid distribution, she also stressed that only 55% of commitments made at the Yemen humanitarian summit had been met.