Almost all countries are failing – most of them far – in their efforts to tackle climate change and the world is unlikely to keep warming at the internationally agreed limit, according to a new scientific report.
Only one country – Little Gambia in Africa – is on track to cut emissions and take its share of actions to prevent the world from exceeding the Paris Agreement target of limiting warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit) warming since the pre-industrial era. times, according to the report.
Only one industrialized country – the UK – is even on the verge of doing what it should do to reduce heat-trapping gas emissions and finance clean energy for the poorest countries, The Climate reported on Wednesday. Action Tracker.
In May, after US President Joe Biden’s climate summit, enough countries had pledged enough carbon pollution reductions for the tracker to say the “emissions gap” – the difference between emissions projections with the commitments and what is necessary to achieve the target of 1.5 degrees – fell by 11 percent.
“This momentum has not been sustained,” said report co-author Bill Hare, CEO of Climate Analytics. “We are short of countries making additional emissions commitments to close the gap. “
Unlike its previous reports, which only looked at carbon pollution reduction promises and policy changes, the new ratings include money issues. Funding is key to the climate negotiations this fall in Scotland, which is why the report looked at pledges by rich countries to help finance clean energy in poor countries, said Hare, a climate scientist.
This took a toll on the rankings of the United States and the European Union.
The report called the efforts of the United States, the European Union, Germany and Japan “insufficient” and more in line with the global warming of 3 degrees Celsius (5.4 degrees Fahrenheit) since the end of the XIXth century.
The world has already warmed by 1.1 degrees Celsius (2 degrees Fahrenheit) since that time, so these countries are on track to make the world 1.9 degrees Celsius (3.4 degrees Fahrenheit) warmer than today.
While the official US commitment to emissions is almost sufficient, the overall rating “reflects that Biden has not put his policies in place,” Hare said. The report gave US financial aid commitments the worst possible rating.
China, India’s biggest carbon emitter and third-biggest carbon polluter, is what the report calls “very low” or more, according to 4 degrees Celsius (7.2 degrees Fahrenheit) of global warming since pre-industrial times.
“We just aren’t seeing enough action from China,” Hare said.
Hare said Brazil and Mexico “have backed down” in their struggle to curb warming. The report lists Iran, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore and Thailand at the bottom.