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How did this day find its place in the history books?

The Japanese destroyed Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. Four days later, on December 11, Adolf Hitler led Germany into war against the United States of America. Image Courtesy: Wikipedia

December 11 has etched its name in the history book for good reason. From a world politics perspective, this ushered in a dark era in 1941 when Nazi leader Adolf Hitler led Germany into war against the United States. Five years later, the United Nations founded UNICEF to monitor the condition of children in the region affected by the aftermath of the Second World War. The date also serves as a golden day in NASA history. On this day in 1972, Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt reached the Moon by Apollo 17 and became the last humans to walk on the surface. In 2002, India lost a legendary musical figure when sitar player Ravi Shankar breathed his last at the age of 92.

December 11- Historical Events:

Adolf Hitler declared war on the United States in 1941:

Early December 1941 marked a turning point when two wars in the Far East and Europe were united into one massive global conflict. The Japanese destroyed Pearl Harbor on December 7. Four days later, on December 11, Adolf Hitler leads Germany into war against the United States of America. The choice made by the Nazi leader to launch a war against a nation with enormous economic and military might was one of the most confusing acts of World War II, as they had neither the resources nor the strategy. to do it.

The United Nations founded UNICEF in 1946:

UNICEF, an acronym for United Nations Children’s Fund, has a special program committed to supporting national initiatives to improve the health, nutrition, education and well-being of children. It was established on December 11, 1946 to help children in post-World War II countries that had been severely affected. After 1950, the fund focused its efforts on general initiatives aimed at improving the well-being of children, especially in underdeveloped countries and in different crisis situations. The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to UNICEF in 1965 and New York City serves as its headquarters.

Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt became the last humans to walk on the Moon, 1972:

A powerful Saturn V rocket carrying three astronauts, including Apollo 17 commander Eugene Cernan, was launched on December 7, 1972. The Apollo 17 astronauts – Cernan and Harrison Schmitt – were the last humans to walk on the Moon because she was the project’s last trip. On December 11, they successfully landed the lunar module Challenger on the surface of the moon. Cernan and Schmitt left the lunar module shortly after arriving and traveled up to 30.5 km.

Legendary sitar player Ravi Shankar died in 2002:

On December 11, 2002, legendary Indian sitar player Ravi Shankar, who popularized Indian music in the West, died at the age of 92 in San Diego, near his home. His spectacular performances at Woodstock in 1969 and Monterey in 1967 helped cement Shankar’s status as an ambassador of Eastern scholarship to a generation seeking new ideals in Western musical history.

To raise funds for the massive influx of refugees into India during Bangladesh’s deadly war of independence from Pakistan in 1971, Shankar organized The Concert for Bangladesh, which UNICEF described as the first major fundraising event. of pop funds. Despite the fact that his classical career survived his countercultural popularity, he continued to blend East and West and produced concertos that allowed his sitar to be mixed with orchestras.

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