Latest high-level CPC rally sets country’s main goals for next 100 years
The 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) just ended on Saturday, bringing a number of historic changes to the ruling party in Beijing. Given that China is the world’s second-largest economy by nominal GDP, the largest country by population, and the CCP is the world’s second-largest political party by membership, this latest meeting has serious consequences for the world.
Before digging into what happened, it is essential to understand how the Chinese government operates. I recommend the South China Morning Post description for a detailed chart, but here’s a short version.
The country’s ruling nucleus is headed by the 25-member CPC Political Bureau. This group, called the Politburo, is further concentrated in the seven-member standing committee headed by President Xi Jinping, considered the first among equals.
In short, every five years, the National Congress, made up of more than 2,200 party officials, elects the members of the Central Committee, which has 205 members and about 170 alternates. This group of Party members elects the aforementioned Standing Committee, which is in fact the central body responsible for the implementation of the policies and objectives deliberated by the Party during the National Congress.
Essentially, the CCP has a definitive hierarchical structure that begins with over 96 million total members and distills into the National Congress, Central Committee, Politburo, Standing Committee, and finally the General Secretary of the Party. Since China is a one-party state, the CCP’s internal democratic mechanisms are central to Chinese democracy.
The most important of these is the National Congress, which meets every five years and is the event that just ended on weekends. This time the Party had a lot to do. Notably, the CPC was founded in 1921, making this year an important milestone, giving the Party an opportunity to both look back on its achievements over the past 101 years and set goals for the future.
In terms of the Party’s retrospective, the members pointed to the fact that China has achieved the goal of the first centenary of “Xiaokang”, for example, to become a moderately prosperous country in all respects, in 2021. The CCP also noted that he had paved the way in China eradicated extreme poverty ahead of schedule last year despite serious challenges, such as the Covid-19 pandemic and the US trade war. Both of these goals were underpinned by the principle of peaceful development, meaning that Beijing did not engage in imperialism or colonialism to generate wealth and prosperity for the Chinese people.
Looking ahead, the National Congress stressed the goal of transforming China into a modern socialist country by 2049, set for that year to commemorate the centenary of the establishment of the People’s Republic of China in 1949. This should be based on the principle of socialist modernization. take place by 2035.
This principle was emphasized by Xi Jinping during the Congress, stating that China’s economic growth will take into account reducing inequality, increasing common prosperity, maintaining ecological integrity and eradicating pollution. Corruption. These are the pillars of what socialist modernization means.
In addition, the CCP amended its constitution during the National Congress. It was amended to mention the principles of modernization, common prosperity, as well as the development of integral people’s democracy. It also included a clear opposition to Taiwan independence and entrenched the idea of “Two Established and Two Safeguards,” which are CCP slogans that uphold Xi Jinping’s rule over the Party.
This leads to the results of Congress in terms of the power structure. Perhaps unsurprisingly, Xi was elected to a third term in office, seen by Western media analysts as overturning a norm set for decades to end the era of one-man rule. on the party. The Standing Committee was also filled with Xi allies Li Qiang, Zhao Leji, Wang Huning, Cai Qi, Ding Xuexiang and Li Xi, meaning his authority as China’s supreme leader is effectively cemented.
As an editorial in the Global Times points out, the 20th National Congress gave China a very different political character from that of the rest of the world. Democracy is being challenged around the world, especially in the Western world, as demagogues challenge the liberal norms of society. Uncertainty is the dominant game. But this is not the case in China, as the newly elected leadership of the Chinese Politburo represents continuity, stability and predictability.
This goes along with third-quarter GDP figures released Monday in Beijing, which revealed that China’s economic growth is estimated at 3.2% year-on-year during this period. Despite Covid-19 lockdowns and restrictions, real growth is twice that of the United States and three times that of Germany. In fact, if you look at the growth compared to the pre-Covid period, China is at 14% growth compared to 2019, while the United States is at 3% growth and Germany at 1 % contraction.
I believe this is the main takeaway from the 20th Chinese National Congress, which was also born out of economic realities: stability. Beijing remains strong and stable against the unstable and tottering West. The CCP has charted a course for the “new era” that logically follows successive generations.
Despite how the Western media has lambasted Beijing’s governance model, China continues to move forward and position itself favorably for the end of US unipolar hegemony, with the latest high-level CPC meeting being just that. the last example in practice.
The statements, views and opinions expressed in this column are solely those of the author and do not necessarily represent those of RT.